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There is no mistaking what a bunion is. It is a common foot deformity that can develop from wearing shoes that are too tight and is noticeable by the small bony protrusion that is seen on the side of the big toe. Bunions that are left untreated may grow and push the other toes toward each other. This can present difficulty in walking and medical attention is often sought for comfort and relief. Research has shown a bunion may also be caused by genetic factors in addition to medical conditions such as various types of arthritis. People who are afflicted with a bunion may need to purchase larger shoes to accommodate it and mild relief may be found when a protective pad is worn over it. Bunions do not go away on their own and it is strongly suggested that a podiatrist be consulted who can prescribe orthotics or recommend surgery for permanent removal.
What Is a Bunion?
A bunion is formed of swollen tissue or an enlargement of boney growth, usually located at the base joint of the toe that connects to the foot. The swelling occurs due to the bones in the big toe shifting inward, which impacts the other toes of the foot. This causes the area around the base of the big toe to become inflamed and painful.
Why Do Bunions Form?
Genetics – Susceptibility to bunions are often hereditary
Stress on the feet – Poorly fitted and uncomfortable footwear that places stress on feet, such as heels, can worsen existing bunions
How Are Bunions Diagnosed?
Doctors often perform two tests – blood tests and x-rays – when trying to diagnose bunions, especially in the early stages of development. Blood tests help determine if the foot pain is being caused by something else, such as arthritis, while x-rays provide a clear picture of your bone structure to your doctor.
How Are Bunions Treated?
If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Williston Park, and Long Beach, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.
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